Preventative Care

Preventive Care for Adults:

Talk to Your Doctor about Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm
If you have ever smoked, talk with your doctor about abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA).
Recommended for: Men aged 65-75 who have ever smoked tobacco

Talk with a Doctor about Your Alcohol Use
If you are concerned about your drinking, ask your doctor about screening and counseling.
Recommended for: Adults

Get Your Blood Pressure Checked
Get your blood pressure checked at least once every 1-2 years. Ask your doctor how often you need to get checked.
Recommended for: Adults

Get Your Cholesterol Checked
Get your cholesterol checked once every 5 years.
Recommended for: Men aged 35 and older, and men and women at high risk aged 20 and older

Get Tested for Colorectal Cancer
Talk with your doctor about options for getting tested.
Recommended for: Adults aged 50-75

Get Tested for Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, and Syphilis
Talk with your doctor to find out if you need to be tested for chlamydia, gonorrhea, or syphilis.
Recommended for: Adults who have had sex or are at high risk

Talk with Your Doctor about Depression
Talk with your doctor about how you are feeling if you have been sad, down, or hopeless.
Recommended for: Adults

Take Steps to Prevent Type 2 Diabetes
If you have high blood pressure, ask your doctor if you need to be screened for type 2 diabetes.
Recommended for: Adults with high blood pressure

Get Help with Healthy Eating
If your doctor has told you that you are at risk for heart disease or diabetes, ask about dietary counseling.
Recommended for: Adults with high cholesterol or at risk for heart disease or diabetes

Talk to Your Doctor about Preventing Falls
If you are worried about falls, ask how exercise, physical therapy, and vitamin D supplements might help you prevent falls.
Recommended for: Adults over 65

Get Tested for Hepatitis C
Get tested for hepatitis C at least one time if you were born between 1945 and 1965.
Recommended for: Adults born between 1945 and 1965

Get Tested for HIV
Get tested for HIV at least once. You may need to get tested more often depending on your risk.
[Recommended for: Adults

Get Screened for Lung Cancer
Ask the doctor about screening for lung cancer if you have a history of heavy smoking and you smoke now or have quit within the past 15 years. An example of heavy smoking is smoking 1 pack of cigarettes a day for 30 years – or 2 packs a day for 15 years.
Recommended for: Adults aged 55-80 who have smoked heavily

Watch Your Weight
Ask your doctor if you are at a healthy weight.
Recommended for: Adults

Talk to the Doctor about Skin Cancer
If you have fair (pale) skin, talk to the doctor about how to reduce your risk for skin cancer.
Recommended for: Adults under 24 years old with fair skin

Get Help to Quit Tobacco
If you use tobacco, ask your doctor about services to help you quit.
Recommended for: Adults who use tobacco

Get a Pneumonia Vaccine
Ask your doctor for a pneumonia vaccine.
Recommended for: Adults over 65 and others at high risk

Get a Seasonal Flu Vaccine
Get a flu vaccine every year to protect yourself and others from the flu.
Recommended for: Adults

Get Other Important Vaccines
Get important adult vaccines (vaccinations).
Recommended for: Adults

Preventive Care for Children:

  • Alcohol, tobacco, and drug use assessments for adolescents
  • Autism screening for children at 18 and 24 months
  • Behavioral assessments for children ages: 0 to 11 months, 1 to 4 years, 5 to 10 years, 11 to 14 years, 15 to 17 years
  • Bilirubin concentration screening for newborns
  • Blood pressure screening for children ages: 0 to 11 months, 1 to 4 years , 5 to 10 years, 11 to 14 years, 15 to 17 years
  • Blood screening for newborns
  • Cervical dysplasia screening for sexually active females
  • Depression screening for adolescents beginning routinely at age 12
  • Developmental screening for children under age 3
  • Dyslipidemia screening for all children once between 9 and 11 years and once between 17 and 21 years, and for children at higher risk of lipid disorders ages: 1 to 4 years, 5 to 10 years, 11 to 14 years, 15 to 17 years
  • Fluoride chemoprevention supplements for children without fluoride in their water source
  • Fluoride varnish for all infants and children as soon as teeth are present
  • Gonorrhea preventive medication for the eyes of all newborns
  • Hearing screening for all newborns; and for children once between 11 and 14 years, once between 15 and 17 years, and once between 18 and 21 years
  • Height, weight and body mass index (BMI) measurements for children ages: 0 to 11 months, 1 to 4 years, 5 to 10 years, 11 to 14 years, 15 to 17 years
  • Hematocrit or hemoglobin screening for all children
  • Hemoglobinopathies or sickle cell screening for newborns
  • Hepatitis B screening [This link takes you to a website not operated by the federal government. The site may have different privacy and security policies.] for adolescents at high risk, including adolescents from countries with 2% or more Hepatitis B prevalence, and U.S.-born adolescents not vaccinated as infants and with at least one parent born in a region with 8% or more Hepatitis B prevalence: 11–17 years
  • HIV screening for adolescents at higher risk
  • Hypothyroidism screening for newborns
  • Immunization vaccines for children from birth to age 18 — doses, recommended ages, and recommended populations vary:
  1. Diphtheria, Tetanus, Pertussis (Whooping Cough)
  2. Haemophilus influenza type b
  3. Hepatitis A
  4. Hepatitis B
  5. Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
  6. Inactivated Poliovirus
  7. Influenza (flu shot)
  8. Measles
  9. Meningococcal
  10. Pneumococcal
  11. Rotavirus
  12. Varicella (Chickenpox)
  • Iron supplements for children ages 6 to 12 months at risk for anemia
  • Lead screening for children at risk of exposure
  • Maternal depression screening for mothers of infants at 1, 2, 4, and 6-month visits
  • Medical history for all children throughout development ages: 0 to 11 months, 1 to 4 years, 5 to 10 years, 11 to 14 years, 15 to 17 years
  • Obesity screening and counseling
  • Oral health risk assessment for young children ages: 0 to 11 months, 1 to 4 years, 5 to 10 years
  • Phenylketonuria (PKU) screening for newborns
  • Sexually transmitted infection (STI) prevention counseling and screening for adolescents at higher risk
  • Tuberculin testing for children at higher risk of tuberculosis ages: 0 to 11 months, 1 to 4 years, 5 to 10 years, 11 to 14 years, 15 to 17 years
  • Vision screening for all children